Late Bronze Age agriculture at Tasbas in the Dzhungar Mountains of eastern Kazakhstan

Spengler, Robert N., III, Paula Doumani, and Michael Frachetti 2014. Late Bronze Age agriculture at Tasbas in the Dzhungar Mountains of eastern Kazakhstan. Quaternary International 348: 147-157. Peer-reviewed.

Special Issue of Quaternary International, Volume 348, Pages 1-266 (20 October 2014)
The Bridging Eurasia Research Initiative: Modes of mobility and sustainability in the palaeoenvironmental and archaeological archives from Eurasia
Edited by Mayke Wagner, Gui-Yun Jin and Pavel Tarasov

Abstract

INQUAThe settlement of Tasbas is located in the Dzunghar Mountains of eastern Kazakhstan. This article illustrates an economy at the site in the Late Bronze Age (Phase 2a, 1490-1260 cal. BC), which incorporated mixed agropastoralism or multiresource pastoralism. This economic model is significant in that it confirms the presence of Bronze Age agriculture in northern Central Asia, an area where the nature of early pastoralism Continue reading

Archaeobotanical Results from Sarazm, Tajikistan, an Early Bronze Age Village on the Edge

Spengler, Robert N., III, and George Willcox
2013. Archaeobotanical Results from Sarazm, Tajikistan, an Early Bronze Age Village on the Edge: Agriculture and Exchange. Journal of Environmental Archaeology 10(3): 211-221. Peer-reviewed.

Volume 18, Issue 3 (October 2013), pp. 189-190
Animal–plant interactions on the Iranian plateau and in adjacent areas: Using bioarchaeological methods in the reconstruction of agro-pastoral practices
Neolithic in the Near East Guest Editors: Margareta Tengberg and Marjan Mashkour

Abstract

Environmental ArchaeologySarazm is an agricultural settlement located in the Zerafshan Valley of northwestern Tajikistan; it was occupied from the fourth to the end of the third millennia BC. Located on the northeastern edge of a chain of agricultural settlements (Namazga IV) that span the northern foothill ecotone of the Kopet Dag, Sarazm sat on a crossroads of exchange and interaction. Being at the eastern extremity of this chain Continue reading

Earliest Direct Evidence for Broomcorn Millet and Wheat in the Central Eurasian Steppe Region

Frachetti, Michael D., Robert N. Spengler III, Gayle J. Fritz, and Alexei N. Mar’yashev
2010. Earliest Direct Evidence for Broomcorn Millet and Wheat in the Central Eurasian
Steppe Region. Antiquity 84:993-1010. Peer-reviewed.

Abstract

AntiquityBefore 3000 BC, societies of western Asia were cultivating wheat and societies of China were cultivating broomcorn millet; these are early nodes of the world’s agriculture. The authors are searching for early cereals in the vast lands that separate the two, and report a breakthrough at Begash in south-east Kazakhstan. Here, high precision recovery and dating have revealed the presence of both wheat and millet Continue reading